e-book The Phonology of Hungarian (The Phonology of the Worlds Languages)

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  1. Read The Phonology Of Hungarian The Phonology Of The Worlds Languages
  2. LINGUIST List 12.1866
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Hungarian has labial, dental, palatal, and velar consonants, with stops and fricatives at all places of articulation. This fricative is phonetically realized as [h] in prevocalic position. All obstruents are involved in a pattern of voicing assimilation within a cluster, that is regressive right-to-left and applies across all prosodic boundaries except for a pause.

Sonorant consonants are inert in voice assimilation. Nasal consonants assimilate to the place of a following obstruent in clusters. Chapter 5 Phonotactics, 60 pages gives a thorough treatment of phonotactic constraints in the Hungarian word. Tables are given that provide a complete listing of word initial and word final clusters. Information on possible word final clusters in monomorphemic contexts as well as with synthetic and analytic suffixes is given.

Hungarian is rich in consonant clusters, including for example initial [ft, sv, mn] and final [kt], [ps], [vd]. The most unusual cases involve a few analytic suffixes, and an appendix position is invoked. As with other languages, clusters are licensed in cases where there is a large sonority difference. In addition, clusters with a smaller sonority difference are also licensed if both members of the cluster are coronal. Hungarian has several regularities in vowel hiatus, including cases where a suffix initial vowel deletes or a glide is inserted. Some cases of hiatus do surface, and there are also distributional regularities on possible vowel sequences.

There are also distributional constraints on trans-syllabic consonant sequences. For the most part, these are accounted for by the constraints given for possible initial and final syllables. However, there is one odd gap in that combinations where the second consonant is labial are systematically absent.

Read The Phonology Of Hungarian The Phonology Of The Worlds Languages

Though this is a rule-based account, it has a similar flavor to an Optimality Theoretic treatment. There are several feature-spreading rules that can all potentially apply, and in cases where there is no direct conflict, they do. In cases of conflict there is priority between rules. Finally, there is a set of impossible feature combinations to constrain overgeneration that are, in part, phonetically motivated. A formal analysis of lengthening and shortening is also given.

However, no concrete proposals are put forth and the issue of these exceptions is left primarily as an open problem. As in the previous section, an attempt is made to unify these processes under a single rule of place assimilation. The authors are only partially successful, however. This chapter also presents a straightforward formal analysis of voicing assimilation and nasal place assimilation. Such alternations can be found with stem final vowels, suffix initial vowels, or stem-internally in consonant clusters.

In the formal analysis the authors present a representational distinction between full vowels and defective vowels. Defective vowels can be filled and surface or be deleted. The quality of the defective vowel is partially phonologically conditioned and there are a large number of intricacies that are not amenable to a brief summary such as this. This chapter also contains a brief treatment of total assimilation of suffix initial [v] to the stem final consonant in some suffixes and the [h]-[x] alternation discussed above. Chapter 9 Surface processes, 19 pages describes cases of variation in phonetic implementation that are primarily related to speech rate, register, or inter-speaker variability.

LINGUIST List 12.1866

I think the authors fully achieved their goal of producing a work that is accessible to a wide audience. In addition, the later chapters in the book contain detailed formal analysis that make quite clear the strengths and weaknesses of the authors' proposals. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.

Hungarian keyboard. Sound correspondences with other Uralic languages. A compact guide to the basics of Hungarian Grammar.

The Sound of the Old Hungarian Language (The Funeral Speech & The Lamentations of Mary)

Corvina, Phonologies of the world's languages. Categories : Hungarian language Language phonologies. Hidden categories: Articles needing additional references from January All articles needing additional references Articles with hAudio microformats Pages including recorded pronunciations All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from January All articles needing examples Articles needing examples from April Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. It is clear and uncluttered by attempts to regularize a process which, in fact, requires the establishment of stem types. That is, the authors deal with so-called transparent vowels i. In addition, they include rounding harmony i.

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The result is a comprehensive and integrated reference of harmonic and harmonic-related phenomena. Part 2 concludes with a lengthy and highly informative discussion, available nowhere else in English, of syllabic structure and constraints on consonants in sequence, both at word-level and morpheme-level. Part 3 is somewhat more theoretical, providing nonlinear descriptions of the phenomena previously mentioned and others including vowel-zero alternations, palatalization, voicing assimilation, and assibilation.

The section concludes with a discussion of postlexical phenomena.

This book will not disappoint specialist or nonspecialist readers. The former will value it for the originality of its analyses; the latter, for its clear presentation of the facts. All will appreciate it as a competent, organized source of the facts and bibliographic references to other treatments. Project MUSE promotes the creation and dissemination of essential humanities and social science resources through collaboration with libraries, publishers, and scholars worldwide.